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Targeted sequencing of exome can help identify potential disease-causing genes

December 19, 2015

Compared with other recent publications on exome sequencing, what is unique about the new study is that the eight individuals were selected from three generations of the same family. This lineage-based approach allowed for additional information, confirmation, and discovery that will facilitate genetic discoveries in this and future studies. In addition, the DNA research samples were extracted from blood and have been stored for 13 years, thus representing typical conditions for larger human genetic disease sample collections. By combining NimbleGen Sequence Capture Arrays and the Genome Sequencer FLX System from 454 Life Sciences, the study covered up to 98% of the targeted bases, and identified up to 14,284 SNPs and small indels per individual exome. The researchers also developed an advanced genotype calling strategy that is based on empirical data, and were able to detect >99% of SNPs covered ??8x.

Stephan Z??chner, MD, Director at the Center for Human Molecular Genomics at University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, led the study and is enthusiastic about the technology, ???Without a doubt, massive sequence enrichment approaches, such as the NimbleGen Sequence Capture Exome capture kit, are very important transitional genomic tools until whole human genome sequencing becomes truly affordable and computationally manageable. The technology of Roche NimbleGen appears very mature and we are currently applying it to a number of disease related studies.???

???We are excited to see that the NimbleGen Sequence Capture Arrays are continuing to set the standard for targeted enrichment and are being adopted for important studies identifying the underlying causative mutations in human diseases,??? said Andreas G?rtz, Vice President of Marketing for Roche NimbleGen. ???Being able to target the specific genomic regions of interest for sequencing allows researchers to quickly and efficiently uncover the genetic mechanism of disease, which could lead to important insights into personalized medicine.???

Source Roche